Abdominal pain - why does it occur?

Pain in any case is a signal from the body that something is wrong inside. If everything is normal, nothing will hurt anywhere. The most common complaint is pain in the abdomen. And this is not surprising, because it is in this zone that all important organs are located. And any of them may function incorrectly, which will manifest itself in the form of pain. But what are the specific reasons for such a manifestation?

How does this manifest itself?

Before finding out for what reasons pains in the abdominal zone can appear, it is worth answering a few questions. The answers to them will help you to find out what can be the cause of the pain.

The reasons are many

So pay attention to the following important points:

  1. Localization. Where exactly hurts? This may be the upper part of the peritoneum or the bottom. Sideways can make themselves felt. And in some cases it is difficult to determine the specific location, it may seem that the whole stomach hurts.
  2. Character. The stomach can hurt very much, the pain in this case can be sharp, stabbing, cutting, cramping. But they may be stupid or aching.
  3. When does it hurt? Feelings are constant, or do they appear periodically?
  4. Try to remember how it all began, which preceded the appearance of such a symptom. You probably ate something or did something. Try to play all the events of the day.
  5. Related symptoms. Unpleasant sensations may be accompanied by other manifestations. There may be: nausea, fever, chills or fever, diarrhea or constipation, nausea or vomiting, weakness, deterioration of the general condition, and so on.


So, why does the abdomen hurt men, women or a child? Causes of pain can be very diverse. Let us dwell on each case.


Poisoning is a widespread phenomenon. Especially often poisoning occurs in the hot season, when products are not stored as needed, and microbes actively reproduce. The cause of poisoning can be stale food, poor-quality products.

Symptoms of this condition are characteristic: abdominal pain (both in the upper part in the stomach region, and in the lower part, that is, in the area of ​​the intestine), nausea and vomiting, diarrhea. Sometimes the temperature rises, weakness arises, the condition worsens.

What to do in this case? Immediately call an ambulance! In the meantime, she did not come, try to wash the stomach.You can also take the drug from the group of sorbents (Enterosgel, activated carbon, Enterofuril). Food should be gentle. Drink more water to avoid dehydration.

Infections, viruses

The flu can be intestinal, so do not be surprised that the doctor will put such a diagnosis. In this case, symptoms of ARVI may appear, which will smoothly flow into signs of poisoning. The temperature in this case usually rises to critical levels (38-39 degrees, sometimes higher). What to do? Be sure to call the doctor.

Do not self-medicate, it can be dangerous!


Diseases of the stomach with the current lifestyle and nutrition, unfortunately, are not uncommon.

The most common disease is gastritis. Mucous membranes become inflamed due to activity of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Because of this, the mucosa loses its integrity, it literally wounds. Exacerbations (seizures) are possible with stress, the use of acidic or spicy food, alcohol.


  • Pain. It can be cutting and very sharp. Such sensations usually occur in the upper abdomen after eating.
  • Digestive disorders.For example, bloating, flatulence, and abnormal stools may occur.

What to do? Consult a doctor. Today, gastritis is successfully treated. First, it is necessary to eliminate its main cause, that is, bacteria. For this, certain antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor. Secondly, you need to adjust the food: give up alcohol, spicy and sour foods, eat boiled, stewed food, follow the principles of fractional nutrition (that is, eat often, but little by little).


In diseases of the intestine, pain can also occur, which can be localized in any part: at the navel, in the lower abdomen or even at the top (for example, the duodenum is localized in the right upper abdominal sector). They will certainly be accompanied by violations of the chair, there will also be bloating, possibly increased gas formation.

Consult a doctor

Visit your doctor and tell about your problems so that he will diagnose and prescribe treatment.


Appendicitis is an inflammation of the intestinal appendix - appendix. The causes of this phenomenon are still unknown, but the symptoms identify quite simple (but sometimes they are confused with other ailments).

What are the manifestations of appendicitis? First there are nagging pains. At first they are insignificant, localization can be difficult to determine. But as the increase in discomfort begins to hurt right. The person also feels sick, then the temperature rises. Stomach may increase.

What to do? Certainly call an ambulance. If this is not done, a rupture of the appendix may occur, which, in its turn, in the absence of immediate measures, will lead to a fatal outcome.


Inflammation of the pancreas is called pancreatitis and can occur for a variety of reasons: poor diet, injury, alcohol and so on.


  • Pains Usually they are localized in the upper hypochondrium (left or right) and are shingles. The stomach begins to hurt about an hour after eating (especially when eating fatty foods and overeating). Attacks can be extremely painful.
  • Reduced appetite
  • Bloating.
  • Nausea.
  • Frequent loose stools. Fecal masses may contain residues of uncooked food.

What to do? Consult a doctor. Usually, during exacerbations, a complete refusal to eat is required, then diet must be followed.Assign drugs-enzymes ("Mezim", "Pakreatin").

Genitourinary system

If there is lower abdominal pain, and there are problems with urination (pain, cramps, a feeling of a constantly filled bladder or insufficient emptying), as well as a rise in temperature, then you probably have cystitis.

Consult your doctor to find out the cause of the inflammation. Most often, antibiotics are prescribed for treatment. To relieve spasms, the doctor may recommend taking antispasmodics ("No-Shpa").

Women's problems

Pain in the lower abdomen in women in most cases signal about diseases of the reproductive system. These can be various diseases: sexually transmitted infections, inflammation of the appendages, endometritis, and so on.

Manifestations can be varied, they depend on the specific problem. The stomach may ache during menstruation or at any other time. There may be a discharge of an unusual color and with an unpleasant odor. Frequent failures of the menstrual cycle, problems with weight and skin, bleeding are possible.

Consult a doctor, with women's health do not joke!


The aching pains of pregnancy can talk about the tone of the uterus, about the threat of miscarriage or premature birth. Severe and sharp pain can be a signal of placental abruption. Seeing a doctor is a must!

Let the pain do not bother you!

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