Coxsackie virus: what kind of animal and is it worth being afraid of?
What is enterovirus infection? This is more than a hundred viruses; The only variants of the Coxsackie virus, about which all news channels are now rattling, are known about thirty!
All these viruses are ubiquitous and highly resistant to physical and chemical factors: for example, they are resistant to freezing and disinfectants - 70% alcohol, ether, and in some cases able to maintain its viability for more than six months! However, when dried, the action of UV, heated to 50 degrees Celsius, when processing chlorine-containing agents and a solution of formaldehyde, these viruses die without leading to the development of enterovirus infection. Well, tenacious bastards, what can I say!
In nature, enteroviruses exist in the environment, where they persist for a long time: in food, water, soil, and in the human body - here they accumulate and multiply.The source of enterovirus infection is most often a virus carrier (in other words, a sick person). In different countries, the healthy carriage of enteroviruses among the population varies from 17% to 46%. Our immune system is familiar with this virus. The main mode of transmission of enterovirus infection is oral, contact-household, through household items, contaminated hands, and personal hygiene is not observed.
Air-drop: if the pathogen multiplies in the respiratory tract, when coughing, sneezing. Waterway: contamination can occur when watering vegetables and fruits with contaminated wastewater, as well as when swimming in open contaminated water bodies; according to some data, even water in coolers can be a source of enterovirus infection.
Signs, symptoms of enterovirus infection are extremely diverse and severely divided into two groups.
Severe: acute paralysis, hepatitis, serous meningitis, myocarditis.
Less severe: conjunctivitis, three-day fever without rash or with rash, herpangina, vesicular pharyngitis, uveitis, gastroenteritis.
Some enteroviral diseases can occur with severe cough and bronchopulmonary obstruction.
But the most common symptoms of enterovirus infection are familiar to many: high fever, signs of general intoxication of the body, various rashes, red throat, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain. Incubation, that is, the latent period of any enterovirus infection is not more than 2-7 days.
The disease also has another name - “hand-foot-mouth”. The fact is that a specific manifestation of the disease is a rash in the form of papules (“pimples”) of red color, itchy, it appears on the hands (mainly palms), legs (feet, shin) and in the mouth.
In healthy adults with strong immunity, an enterovirus infection cannot develop to severe pathological processes, but most often it is asymptomatic, which is not true for young children, especially newborns, and adults who are weakened by other diseases.
The Coxsackie virus most often affects children of early age and is dangerous for its complications. But I want to reassure parents: in most cases, it goes without complications! Young children (up to three years) who are in contact with the patient are usually given immunoglobulin and interferon intranasally for prophylaxis for a week.
How to treat?
Treatment of enterovirus infection is aimed at alleviating the symptoms and destroying the virus. Since the etiotropic (directed specifically against this pathogen) treatment of enterovirus infections has not been developed, symptomatic and detoxification therapy is performed depending on the severity and localization of the inflammatory process.
In children, rehydration (water-salt solutions and glucose, orally or intravenously) and detoxification are important in treatment. Antiviral drugs such as interferons, antipyretics for children, antiemetic drugs, antihistamines, antispasmodics will not interfere.
To prevent the spread of a viral infection, a sick person should use personal utensils, a towel, wash hands frequently, ventilate the bedroom, and a daily wet cleaning should be done.
Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, proper thorough processing of food products, avoiding water ingress into the nasopharynx when bathing in open ponds is the best prevention of enterovirus infection.
Do not be ill, remember that the main thing is the prevention and strengthening of the immune system!
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