The day of a faceted glass is a real feast, not an excuse for jokes
Each thing has its own history of occurrence. Even with the usual faceted glass used today, it is available! The history of a cut glass contains several versions.
According to one of the versions (the most common), a glass vessel of a similar design was first released during the existence of the USSR in the city of Gus-Khrustalny in 1943. The official birthday of faceted glass (and in combination also the holiday celebrated in Russia so far) is the day of September 11th. You will probably agree that not everyone knows about this holiday.
Interestingly, the creator of the design of the cup with the edges is considered the very Vera Mukhina, who is the author of the monument called “Worker and Collective Farm Woman”. They say that Vera has developed a design of dishes specifically for the domestic public catering. The task of creating a new type of dishes appeared after new industrial dishwashers were imported into the Soviet Union.
According to some reports, Vera did not come up with the design herself, but peeped at Nikolai Slavyanov, a geologist. They say that it was he who once drew a sketch of a multifaceted glass (just wanted to make it from metal). And Vera Mukhina, allegedly was able to use it to their advantage. She offered to make glassware. Also, some historians claim that the artist and avant-garde master Kazimir Malevich helped Vera with the invention of the multi-faceted glass design. True, all this information has not been confirmed by any official sources. And what's more, many historians refute this information. In proof of a refutation, they endure the information that Slavyanov died in 1897, and Malevich died in 1935.
Connoisseurs of creativity Vera Mukhina argue that she began to work with glass only in the second half of the forties at the art glass factory in Leningrad. If you think sensibly, then she could not conduct any experiments in Leningrad. After all, Leningrad was under blockade during the Great Patriotic War (we recall that the ribbed glass cup was first released exactly in the forties).
And what's more, there are no documents confirming that Mukhina became the ancestor of many-sided dishes in nature.
Modern glass is different from the usual in that around its circumference is a smooth ring. Modern multi-faceted dishes due to its special design is extremely durable and easy to use.
According to another version, glasses with faces were blown out in Russia in the seventeenth century. Proof of this fact can be considered the fact that a huge number of samples of such dishes are stored in the Hermitage.
As for the usual faceted glass, the mention of it appeared at the time of Peter the Great. According to some information, Peter presented the ribbed dishes to well-known Vladimir glassblower Yefim Smolin so that the emperor could drink alcohol without fear of breaking the glass. Incidentally, the emperor was pleased with such a gift. After all, glass at that time was a rather fashionable material, and even during swimming, a faceted glass did not fall off the table (while pitching).
The third version of the occurrence of ribbed dishes arises from the mention of him in the army doctrine,which was published by Paul the First towards the end of the eighteenth century. The army of that time was in zero combat readiness, as the soldiers drank too much wine. Paul decided to change the situation and imposed a restriction on the use of alcoholic beverages during the day. A normal daily dose of wine, as then considered by the monarch Paul I, was equal to one faceted glass.
There is an erroneous opinion that this type of dishes was common only in Russia. Proof of this can serve as a painting "Breakfast" by Spanish painter Diego Velasquez, written in 1617 - 1618. The painting shows a faceted glass. The fact that ribbed dishes came to us from abroad is also evidenced by the fact that the manufacture of dishes using the pressing method was invented in America in the 1820s.
Now, the cut glass has another life. In the modern world, faceted glass is not a subject of kitchen utensils, but a popular art object.
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