How can I dye the fabric?
Do you know that many things can give a second life? For example, if a product has burnt out or you don’t like its shade, you can use home dyeing.
Can all fabrics be dyed?
Does any fabric change shade after dyeing? No. You can give a new color to natural material, such as flax, cotton, wool, silk, and so on. But remember that the denser the fabric, the longer it will be painted, and the more dye will be required.
It is undesirable to paint things from synthetic materials: polyester, elastane, neoprene. They have a complex structure and dense fibers, so they will repel the coloring matter. Such fabrics give the desired shade at the production stage.
Pay attention to the color of things. If it is white or light, the result will certainly be close to the stated or desired. Dark tissue staining is much worse. Of course, you can first try to whiten them and bring out the original color, but such manipulations can damage the structure of the tissues.
Important: you can not paint and any clothes, on the label which states that only dry washing is allowed, as the procedure for changing the color involves immersion in water and stay in it.
Preparation for staining
To staining at home was possible, you need to prepare the fabric. Preparation involves the following actions:
- The fabric must be absolutely clean, so wash it thoroughly and rinse well to remove any residue of powder or other means (they can react with dye pigments and affect the result, making it completely unexpected and different from the desired).
- Stains are best removed with a stain remover, but non-aggressive and suitable for a particular material.
- If you want to get a more intense shade, then before dyeing the material can be bleached or boiled for ten minutes (if high temperatures are allowed).
- If you have already picked up the tool, then test it on a small inconspicuous area of the material in order to understand what the effect will be and whether the structure will be damaged.
- Fittings, if it is available on the product, it is better to temporarily remove, as it can deteriorate under the influence of the dye or affect the final shade.
- If the fabric is new and starched, then you can soften it by soaking for fifteen or twenty minutes in a warm solution of soda, citric acid or vinegar. But after that, thoroughly rinse the product.
- Weigh the product to determine the required amount of dye. Especially this preparatory stage is important when applying chemical dyes that require compliance with proportions.
What dyes to use?
What can paint the fabric? In specialized stores and departments you can find ready-made chemical dyes for textiles that fit well wool, muslin, and knitwear. The main advantage of special coloring agents is the result and clear instructions on the packaging. You only need to follow the proportions and directions to get the desired shade. But with chemical dyes it is worth being careful, as they penetrate deep into the fibers of the material, so changing the result that is not satisfactory will be extremely problematic.
There are dyes for different types of fabrics, made according to their features. And if you decide to update the cotton, then select the option that is suitable for him.For combination materials, you can purchase a universal remedy.
You can use natural dyes, for example:
- Walnut peel will give the fabric a beige or sandy shade.
- Brown or reddish color will add onion peel to the product.
- Tea can also stain material.
- If you need to quickly repaint the fabric, use blueberries or blackberries: these berries will give a rich blue-purple hue, and very durable.
- Beet color material in burgundy or pink.
- Saturated pigments are found in carrots and sea buckthorn.
- If you want to get green stuff, use spinach, elderberry leaves, sorrel.
- Rich chocolate color can be achieved using natural coffee or cocoa.
- Wolfberry color material in a red tint.
- Celandine juice or turmeric will help get an orange or ginger beautiful color.
The preparation is simple: crush a part of the natural raw material and fill it with two parts of water, boil the mixture for half an hour, leave for an hour and start using
What is needed for staining?
For staining, you need to prepare two large containers (for example, enameled basins),soft decanted or melted water (stiff can impair the result and properties of the fabric), a wooden spatula or a stick, rubber gloves, a measuring spoon or kitchen scales and paper towels. Also need a stove.
Carrying out the procedure
DIY staining steps:
- Prepare a fixer that will ensure deeper penetration of pigments into the fibers and make the shade persistent. If you are using a chemical dye, then the fixative is a synthetic one. And for natural coloring components, you can use the appropriate fixatives: saline solution for berries (a glass of salt for two liters of water) or acetic acid for vegetables (part of vinegar and four parts of water).
- Immerse the tissue in the retainer and leave for the time specified in the instructions (or twenty minutes for natural remedies).
- Wring out the material, but do not rinse.
- Prepare the dye by dissolving it in hot water in the right proportion.
- Immerse the product in a container with a coloring fluid and put it on fire.
- Boil the cloth for ten to fifteen minutes, and then rinse in cold water and leave to dry.
Important: if the fabric is delicate and should not be exposed to high temperatures, immerse it in a warm dye dissolved in water. And if you need a bright deep color, increase the duration of staining.
Unusual staining methods
You can create patterns and abstract patterns on fabrics. For example, try spraying the dye from a spray gun or spraying it onto a material. You can also put a piece on any surface, take a hand in the center and rotate in either direction. Tightly compress the material, tie it with a rope so that it intersects in the center. You will have segments that can be painted in different colors.
To give the fabric a second chance and a new life, try changing its color. And now you know the basic rules and nuances of textile dyeing.
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