How to choose a good thread for knitting?
In order to make knitted products of high quality and beautiful, it is important to use suitable yarn, that is, yarn. Find out what criteria you should pay attention to when choosing.
What are the threads made of?
Threads can be made from natural materials, artificial, as well as mixed.
Natural yarn is environmentally friendly, durable and has a lot of useful properties, but some threads can cause allergic reactions and cause discomfort while wearing things (this applies primarily to wool). In addition, their cost is quite high. Synthetic yarns are more practical, generally hypoallergenic and easier to dye, and also relatively inexpensive. Mixed yarns will combine the qualities of natural and synthetic.
Natural yarn can be of animal or vegetable origin. The first group includes the following materials:
- Wool is very warm, but it requires special care and quite capricious.
- Cashmere is pleasant to the touch, warm material from which chic and at the same time durable products are obtained.
- Mohair is goat's wool, it is fluffy and thin, therefore it is rather expensive.
- The angora is made from the undercoat of rabbits, the threads also turn out thin and soft.
- Silk is made of silkworm cocoons, it is durable and has a beautiful shine, it is quite expensive.
Natural materials of plant origin:
- Viscose. Get it from wood pulp, it is quite heavy, so that any products from it will be stretched and cracked under its own weight. This material is smooth, breathable and absorbs moisture, has a subtle sheen.
- Cotton is a lightweight and breathable material that is suitable for knitting summer clothes. But it is inelastic, and can also "sit down" after washing.
- Flax is light, but rather tough and not very elastic.
- Bamboo perfectly drapeable, lightweight, breathable, durable, practical and makes things attractive thanks to a barely noticeable shine.
Artificial threads: capron, acrylic, polyester. All of them are practical, durable and retain their color, but they let the air out worse and absorb moisture than natural materials.
Structure of yarn
How to choose a good and, most importantly, suitable thread for knitting? Another important criterion is the structure of the yarn, which can be ordinary, that is, smooth and shaped, having a more complex structure.
There are the following types of fancy yarn:
- Ribbon is a flat strip of threads.
- A boucle is a bulk yarn, which is obtained by weaving a smooth yarn with a decorative one, which in some areas forms a loop.
- The so-called "grass" has a long pile - thin threads, resembling a blade of grass.
- Rovnitsa or wick yarn is rather thick, weakly twisted and very soft fibers, giving volume to the finished product.
- Tweed. As a rule, the threads are twisted and have painted thickenings, which gives the knitted things a distinctive look.
- Lurex. Such a yarn is a thread made of polyester, on which the thinnest metallic coating is applied.
Twisting of a thread
Stranding threads can be tight, medium and weak, and this criterion directly affects the quality of the finished product, as well as the process of knitting. So, tightly twisted threads are undesirable for knitting, as the thing can be deformed.A loosely twisted yarn is not suitable for crocheting, since it can break up into individual thin threads that are difficult to assemble. This option is not desirable to choose and beginners. The ideal choice for them is average twist.
Tip: choose threads that are slightly springy when stretched, in which case the finished knit will not deform and lose shape even after washing.
The thickness of the thread is also important. The basic unit of its designation is tex (this parameter determines the weight of a kilometer of yarn). Accordingly, the more tex, the thicker the thread. But to measure such a parameter, numbers are also shown, showing the length, the mass of which is 1 gram. There are fractional numbers, in which the first digit shows the thickness, and the second - the number of single thin threads twisted into one.
Important trivia and useful tips
Some tips for those who have not yet decided:
- The best yarn should be suitable for knitting a particular thing. So it's worth buying only after you select a product, because its detailed description usually gives advice on what kind of thread it is desirable to use.
- Rate the color.It is indicated on the label, but all the same, different batches of the same kind may have some differences, so it is better to immediately purchase the entire volume of yarn, and with a margin. If you do not have enough threads, then there is no guarantee that you can get exactly the same ones that have the same tone.
- If you are just starting to knit, choose a simple smooth yarn of medium twist, since with a bulk or texture it will be difficult for you to work.
- Decide on the requirements for the finished knitted items, such as permeability, weight, hygroscopicity, elasticity, and so on.
Pick up the right yarn to knit was comfortable, and the result of works pleased.
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