How to determine the degree of maturity of the placenta

The placenta is a temporary organ that is needed only 9 months until the fetus develops, and then after the birth of the child, its rejection occurs. The importance of this body for the future baby should not be underestimated; it replaces the main organs: the lungs, the gastrointestinal tract, the kidneys, providing oxygen and nutrients, while removing harmful substances. In addition, the placenta secretes specific hormones that contribute to the preservation of pregnancy.
During pregnancy, there is a gradual thickening of the placenta and the growth of its vessels. At a certain stage, this growth stops and its aging process begins. In the placenta, the trace element calcium begins to be deposited, its structure becomes more dense, and this can be clearly seen in the ultrasound examination.
The higher the rate of maturity of the placenta, the less its functional capacity.If this indicator is at the mark of 0, then the placenta is still capable of proliferation, thus it can meet the needs of the growing fetus for a long time. Such an indicator of maturity is observed before the 30th week of a woman’s pregnancy and is determined using an ultrasound machine.
The first degree of maturity of the placenta is observed by the 30th week of pregnancy. During this period, it ceases to grow and begins its consolidation up to 34 weeks. It happens that at such a time during the ultrasound examination an elevated rate of 1 - 2 or 2 is found, in which case they propose to undergo the necessary treatment with the prescription of drugs that improve blood circulation in the placenta, vitamins, and also recommend adherence to sleep and rest.
The second degree of maturity is normally from 35 to 39 weeks of pregnancy, when the placenta copes with its basic functions, and fully provides the child with all the necessary substances. As the duration of pregnancy increases, the rate of maturity of the placenta should increase, with the most important thing being that this does not occur before the prescribed time. Do not panic if at 37 - 38 weeks maturity of the placenta has reached 2 - 3, this is the term of full-term pregnancy and therefore is considered completely normal.
Before the birth itself, the maturity of the placenta reaches the third degree. If the placenta is functional, the child does not lack oxygen, this degree is the norm. If such an aged state of the placenta is detected in early pregnancy, the unborn child may not be enough to develop nutrients, as well as oxygen, in this case there is a risk of intrauterine hypoxia.

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