How to make a lamp shade?
A lamp shade is an equally important part of the interior than, say, curtains or a carpet. A beautiful lampshade can transform a gloomy room, making it much more comfortable and lighter. But to find a lamp with a suitable lamp shade in stores is not always possible, that's why we wrote you a guide on how to make a lamp shade with your own hands. You will learn what materials a lampshade can be made of, how to make a lampshade for a lamp in various ways, and how to make a frame for it.
How to make a frame for a lampshade?
The frame is the basis of the lampshade, on which the whole structure will be supported. Depending on the type of construction, the frame consists of a large and a small ring or two rings of the same size, which are interconnected by means of racks. For the manufacture of the frame we need a cartridge with an electric wire and aluminum wire - it is best to take a wire of two diameters: thin (about 1 mm) and thicker (about 4 mm). From the tools you need a hacksaw, wire cutters and pliers. Now, according to a preliminary sketch, we calculate the length of the wire with a small margin.Cut the wire with a hacksaw and close it into the ring. Now we cut off the thin wire with wire cutters and we wind up its junction. In the same way we make the second ring. By giving the rings the desired shape and winding them with thin wire, you can smear the joints with Moment glue for greater reliability.
Make the rack frame and cover
Next, we make side posts with thick wire. Their number and shape may be different - depending on the selected design. Racks are fixed to the main and upper rings by bending the wire and winding the connections with a thin wire. For reliability, they can also be glued. Connecting the rings with the uprights and giving the frame the desired shape, fasten the cartridge. To do this, we make a wire ring, which we wind the cartridge, and fix the free ends of the upper ring according to the technology described above. Well, it remains to upholstered the frame with the necessary material, and our lampshade will be ready. There are several options here - we will describe the most interesting ones.
How to make a lampshade fabric?
It is quite simple to make, but at the same time, a very beautiful version of the lampshade.We start with the manufacture of patterns, for which we wrap the shade frame with newspapers and glue them together with tape. Now we knead the upper part into the lampshade and draw a line along the top with a pen or felt-tip pen. Bottom, on the contrary, we bend out. Then we remove our piece and cut it along the line above and below - where we jammed the paper. As for the required pieces of fabric, from the point of view of aesthetics, of course, it is better if the seams are smaller. The best option is 4 pieces, for which we fold the pattern in half and conditionally divide each half into two. Cut each piece need not exactly the size, but with an allowance of several centimeters - the excess is easy to cut, but if the material is not enough, you will have to cut a new piece. After we cut out 4 pieces, we do a fitting, for which we peel them with pins and lightly sew, and then we stretch it on the lampshade. If everything fits together, we make a stronger stitch - and our lampshade is ready.
How to make a lamp shade of thread?
From the threads are obtained not only excellent large lampshades, but also very beautiful small ceiling lamps. This is a great way to make your own lamp shade. The only thing that, in addition to materials, is required for the manufacture of such a lampshade is a considerable reserve of patience.For the manufacture of a lampshade of threads, knitting threads (a few skeins), a cartridge with a cord, PVA glue and ... a balloon are useful to us. Yes, it is exactly the round balloon of any size that we will need to give a lampshade of the required shape. However, the ball does not have to be round - the heart and the other shape will suit you as well, but at first it is most convenient to use a round ball. Blow it up and start gradually wrapping threads: layer by layer. Over time, you will be able to create various patterns with the help of threads. Threads should be tight, as this will depend on the strength of the structure. After wrapping several layers of thread around the ball, properly glue them with PVA glue. After the glue dries, we burst the ball and cut out the place where there was the end of the ball, and make a bigger cutout from the bottom. Now push the cord with the chuck into a small neckline and the lampshade is ready. Now you know how to make a lampshade - it remains only to remember some safety rules. To avoid overheating of the material, do not twist a bulb with a power of more than 100 watts. For small thread lamp shades limit - 60 watts. The same applies to fabric lampshades.
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