Pepper - an unusual decoration for your windows
If your window seems very boring to you, then decorate it with indoor pepper. This original and bright plant will revive the interior and will please all household members if it is properly taken care of.
What is this plant?
Room pepper or capsicum is a plant belonging to the family of nightshapes and originating in Mexico or Guatemala. It is also often called decorative, mainly for small fruits of different shapes and colors. These peppers can be rounded, oblong, slightly curved. Colors can vary from yellow or orange to bright red and even purple. This plant will precisely decorate and revive your window, do not even hesitate!
The most popular and popular varieties are Aladdin, Carmen, Curios, Ogonyok, Treasure Island, Pupsik, Bride, Constellation and many others. Among them are both sweet varieties and sharp. By the way, all the fruits can and should be eaten, they are very useful.Pepper blooms and is happy with the crop with the right care, usually for several years in a row.
How to grow?
How to grow decorative pepper at home? It is best to use seeds for this, they quickly give good shoots.
The main stages of cultivation:
- Seeds should be soaked overnight in a growth stimulator, for example, in potassium humate or in Épinay. By the way, it is best to begin disembarking in February or in March in order to try the first fruits in the summer.
- Now place the seeds in the ground at a depth of about one centimeter and at a not short distance from each other.
- Cover the container with food film or polyethylene and put it in a warm place (the temperature should be about 23-27 degrees).
- When shoots appear, remove the film and move the pot to a cooler room.
- About a month after planting, the sprouts can be swooped down, that is, seated. But it is advisable to cross them (move with the ground and very carefully).
It is also possible to use for cultivation and apical shoots cut from an adult plant. They are treated with a growth stimulator (cut), then placed in water, and after the appearance of the roots are moved to the soil.
How to care?
Care for indoor pepper is based on the following points:
- The soil. For the full development of pepper suitable soil, consisting of part of the sod land, part of the peat and part of the humus. You can also add half of the river sand that will provide additional drainage.
- Watering. Pour the pepper should be abundant, otherwise it will dry up and will not bear fruit. Ideally, the soil should always be slightly damp, but still it is impossible to prevent water from stagnating, this can lead to rotting of the root system. For irrigation use warm settled water. By the way, in the cold season the amount of moisture is reduced, but in the summer it should be maximum.
- Since the pepper is moisture-loving, keep the humidity at the right level (it should not fall below 55-60%). Use regular sprays or a humidifier for this. And you can put the clay in the pan and water it.
- Topping. In order for the plant to form a beautiful and lush shrub, as well as actively fruiting, you need to pinch the top, otherwise the pepper will reach up. To carry out such a procedure, simply cut the uppermost shoots with a knife or scissors (they can be used for further reproduction).
- Lighting.The plant loves bright light and perfectly tolerates even direct sunlight, so it is better to grow it on the window, and on the east or on the west. In the summer, you can transfer the pot to a balcony, garden or garden. In winter, it is desirable to provide additional lighting with lamps, otherwise the pepper will not grow and bear fruit.
- Pepper needs fresh air, so regularly ventilate the room in which it grows.
- Feeding is carried out approximately every one and a half to two weeks. Both organic fertilizers (for example, mullein, bird droppings) and mineral fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, potassium sulphate, superphosphate) are used. But do not overdo it with mineral compounds, 30-50 grams will be enough for one time.
- The optimum temperature for growing at home is 20-25 degrees. On sunny days, it can rise to 28 degrees. In winter, a reduction to 15-17 degrees is allowed. But overcooling can be disastrous, as it will lead to the death of the roots.
- Loosening. So that the soil is ventilated, and the roots do not rot, you should regularly loosen the soil. Do this every two or three days and be very careful not to damage the plant.
- Transfer.Transplant the plant after each fruiting, it allows you to rejuvenate the bush and feed the roots. But it is advisable to use the method of transshipment, that is, take out the bush together with the soil and slightly shake it off, and then place it in another container with a new soil and sprinkle it on the ground above.
Some useful tips:
- For problems such as yellowing or falling leaves, the lack of fruit and slow growth, review and, if necessary, change the conditions of detention, as well as increase the feeding.
- To understand how your pepper will look like, look at its photo.
- During the flowering period, pollinate the flowers with a brush to form numerous fruits and seeds.
- Protect pepper from drafts, they are harmful to such a plant.
Take care of your pepper to make you happy and delicious!
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