Quinck edema - symptoms and treatment of folk and medical means
Allergic reactions are an essential element of people's lives. It is difficult to say why allergic diseases are so common, but the fact that people at least once in their lives encounter a certain form of allergy is indisputable. The topic of conversation will be Quincke edema, its symptoms and treatment at home.
Quincke edema is an inflammation of the skin, mostly localized in the lips and around the eyes. This phenomenon is considered the result of an allergic reaction leading to increased production of histamine in the human body. Excess histamine leads to inflammation of the blood vessels.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Austrian scientist Mendel, describing the signs of angioedema, gave the complex of symptoms the name Quincke's edema, in honor of the German doctor. In the medical literature there is another name - “giant urticaria”.
4 types of angioedema
Doctors, depending on the causes of occurrence, distinguish several types of angioedema.
- Allergic. The most common type. It develops in people with food allergies. Appears after eating some foods, insect bites, the use of Aspirin and Penicillin. Allergic giant urticaria is not a chronic disease, as it is possible to determine the food that caused the allergy and stop using it yourself.
- Medicamentous. It appears due to drugs that cause tumors in the deep layers of the skin. Even if a person stops taking the drug, the symptoms of edema persist for a long time. Usually, the drug type acts as a side effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, proton pump inhibitors.
- Idiopathic. Received the name because of the difficulty of identifying the causes. According to scientists, the development of edema contributes to infection, stress, alcohol, fear, overheating, anxiety, and even tight clothing. Presumably, it causes problems with thyroid and folic acid deficiency.
- Hereditary. Extremely rare type of angioedema.Usually develops in people who have inherited a defective gene. Characterized by the gradual development of symptoms that appear after puberty. The development of symptoms is facilitated by pregnancy, trauma, infection and even contraception.
At the beginning of the article I introduced you to Quincke's edema, listed and described the types, and places of its occurrence. The turn came to elaborate on the causes of the onset, the main symptoms and, of course, the treatment with folk and medical drugs.
Symptoms of angioedema in adults and children
Anyone can become a victim of angioedema, but they are most susceptible to allergies. In men and older people, the edema of Quincke develops much less frequently than in children and young women. In infants, the disease is extremely rare.
If Quincke edema develops on the face, neck, feet and hands, the symptoms are pronounced. It is more difficult if the disease manifests itself in the joints, the lining of the brain and internal organs.
- Puffiness. Edema is the main external symptom. Signs of swelling appear on the abdomen, chest, genitals, neck, lips, eyelids, nasal mucosa and larynx.There are sensations of tension of the skin. The speed of edema spread is very high. Without expert help, it can lead to anaphylactic shock.
- Pressure drop. The allergy that caused the disease may be manifested by a drop in pressure, which is caused by a violation of blood circulation due to edema. The tumor builds up blood vessels and slows the movement of blood. The patient feels pain in the temples and dizziness.
- Nausea and vomiting. Pressure surges cause nausea, and sometimes vomiting. A common allergy is not accompanied by such symptoms, unlike Quincke's edema.
- Heat. Swelling of tissues resembles an inflammatory process. On the affected area, the movement of blood out of the norm, because of which the temperature rises. If it does not exceed 38 degrees, as with the flu, there is no need to use antipyretic drugs.
- Blue tongue. It is caused by edema of the nasopharyngeal mucosa and larynx. Disturbed blood circulation and oxygen deficiency can lead to blueing of other parts of the body.
- Cerebral edema.Symptoms characteristic of acute meningitis appear: headache, dizziness, severe nausea, fear of light, convulsions, and other violations of a neurological nature.
- Swelling of the genitourinary system. The clinical picture resembles an attack of cystitis, accompanied by pain and urinary retention.
- Edema of the internal organs. Quincke edema is accompanied by severe pain in the abdomen, with no specific localization.
- Swollen joints. The disease exhibits limited mobility and swelling of the joints. At this point, inflammatory processes do not occur in the joints.
Usually, people experience swelling of the face and mucous membranes. Quincke’s edema carries a potential danger to a person’s life and should immediately seek help if symptoms appear.
Causes of angioedema
Continuing the topic of the conversation, I will consider the causes of edema Quincke in adults and children. During normal operation of the immune system, histamine is inactive. Upon ingestion and accumulation of an allergen, the mediators begin to be quickly released. Veins expand, gastric juice production increases, smooth muscle spasms appear, and pressure decreases. Let's see what allergens cause giant hives.
- Food. Eggs or products containing them - cutlets, muffins, cheese cakes. Cow milk may also lead to angioedema.It contains lactoglobulin, which causes an allergic reaction. Often intolerance is manifested after consuming butter or cottage cheese. Run allergies are capable of sweet soda, alcohol, honey, spices, strawberries.
- Chemical and medicinal. Many medications lead to angioedema. Among them: acetylsalicylic acid, insulin and various antibiotics. The method of use of drugs does not matter.
- Inhalation. The list of factors provoking allergy is represented by plant pollen, poplar down, dust, pillow feather, dry pet food.
- Contact. Quinck's edema begins after a person contacts an allergy-causing substance. For example: paint products, cleaning products and detergents, cosmetics.
- Bacterial and fungal. In some people, giant urticaria causes E. coli, staphylococci or streptococci. The foci of infection is usually localized in the affected tooth decay or in the cyst with suppuration.
The cause of the Quincke edema can be intestinal parasites, leaving toxic waste, bites of hornets, bedbugs, mosquitoes, wasps and bees.
For the emergence of angioedema in hereditary susceptibility, the accumulation of allergens is not required. Even their light exposure causes allergies. The risk group includes people with nervous disorders, diabetes, chronic diseases, pregnant women and women in menopause.
Treatment of edema Quincke in adults and children
The disease under consideration is an acute allergic reaction carrying a potential threat to a person’s life, which is manifested by the sudden onset of large-scale edema of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscle mass.
Usually, people over the age of twenty are confronted with angioedema. In older people, it appears much less frequently. In children, the allergy is hereditary and develops to an impressive size. Often it is accompanied by urticaria.
The treatment of edema in children is more difficult, since they cannot give a correct assessment of their well-being. Therefore, parents have to closely monitor the reaction of the child. How to treat edema Quincke in adults and children read below.
First aid for angioedema
When symptoms of Quincke edema appear, you should immediately seek help. But the mission does not end there.Prior to arrival, the ambulance should be given first aid.
The technique of first aid for angioedema is described below. Before proceeding to action, you must calm down yourself and calm the patient. Believe me, the general experience of the case will not help.
- If you know the allergen, you should promptly break contact with him. It does not hurt to open the windows, take off the patient's clothes, unfasten the collars and belts.
- The patient should always be in a sitting or reclining position. In this position, it is easier to breathe. A hot foot bath is considered a very effective event. Pour as much hot water into a wide container as the patient can stand. Periodically hot water pour before the arrival of doctors.
- Apply something cool to the swelling. You can use a towel soaked in ice water. In the patient's nose to drip vasoconstrictor drops. The ideal option is Naphthyzinum, used when a cold.
- After the ambulance team arrives, the doctors will inject a decent dose of antihistamine medication to the patient and take him to the clinic. You should not refuse hospitalization even with a significant improvement in the condition.
- It is imperative to inform the doctors what measures were taken before their arrival. If the development of edema is associated with a specific event, mention it also. This information is incredibly important for the diagnosis and choice of treatment.
Video tips on first aid for angioedema
I sincerely hope that throughout life you will not have to use this information in practice. If trouble happens, keep calm and confidently proceed according to the instructions.
Treatment of angioedema involves the use of medications. Any other methods are irrelevant. It is worth remembering to people accustomed to using folk remedies. Their use in allergies is contraindicated.
Drug-based therapy should be carried out quickly. Even a slight delay can lead to serious complications, a deep loss of consciousness or death.
- Antihistamine medication. Reduce the body's susceptibility to the allergen. In their list Suprastin, Tavegil and diphenhydramine.
- Hormonal injections. Just one injection of a hormonal drug will reduce puffiness and eliminate spasm.Dexamethasone, Hydrocortisone or Prednisone is used for this purpose.
- Muscle relaxants. There are often cases when angioedema leads to an attack of asphyxiation. Then the doctors intubate the trachea with a special tube that makes breathing easier. Further prescribed muscle relaxants ephedrine or adrenaline.
- Glucocorticoids. Hormonal drugs stop many allergy symptoms and prevent anaphylactic shock. Such drugs are used together with drugs containing sodium and calcium.
- Diuretics. Auxiliary treatment involves the use of diuretics. They relieve puffiness, because they accelerate the removal of moisture from the body and normalize blood pressure. The most effective diuretics are Fitolysin and Canephron.
- Vitamin complexes. Use of vitamins - adjuvant therapy. Vitamins help the emaciated body recover from an allergic reaction. To strengthen the immune system is made using ascorbic acid and vitamins of the B family.
I think it is now clear why it is impossible to deal with the Quincke's edema using popular methods If complications arise, it is simply impossible to help the patient at home.
It is necessary to treat angioedema only with medication, self-treatment for this serious disease can harm.Clinical manifestations of edema Quincke develop rapidly, the use of folk remedies at the time of exacerbation can lead to death. Doctors must treat.
Folk remedies are allowed to apply after removing the attack. They will help prevent relapse. But even in this case, it is necessary to choose and apply a folk remedy after consulting a doctor.
- Grass collection. For preparation, combine in equal quantities the fruits of alder and wild rose, immortelle flowers, grass of the train and horsetail, roots of aralia, dandelion, burdock, elecampane and licorice. Spoon collection pour a glass of boiling water, hold for a couple of 30 minutes, cool, filter, and add boiling water to get 200 ml of liquid. Drink 0.33 cups three times a day after a meal.
- Nettle infusion. To prepare 10 grams of dead nettle pour 250 ml of water. It is recommended to consume three times a day for a third of table glass.
- Infusion ephedra. Two grams of chopped sprigs of the plant pour 250 ml of boiling water. They drink 100 milliliters three times a day, constantly monitoring blood pressure.
- Tincture of dope.Spoon of dope powder pour 150 ml of high-quality vodka, insist a week and take three times a day. A single dose should not exceed 15 drops.
In a person prone to allergies, herbal home remedies can cause the development of individual intolerance. Therefore, people's means should be used cautiously.
In conclusion, I’ll add that people who have won Quinck’s edema need to regularly monitor their health and be careful when they come into contact with products causing an allergic reaction.
Video from the transfer Live healthy
Ideally, you should follow a strict diet, exclude citrus fruits, seafood, chocolate, eggs, nuts, honey and cocoa from the diet. In winter, do not eat vegetables, as they contain preservatives that increase the shelf life. It is undesirable to use products containing GMOs and dyes, and use household chemicals with a pungent odor.
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