Ten oldest circus in the world
Few people dreamed of getting into the circus as a child. After all, it was a special world that hides secrets and attracts with its magic. Funny clowns, skillful jugglers, quick acrobats, mysterious mages and, of course, trained animals. Some circus dynasties number hundreds of years and delight the audience with bright shows. We have prepared for you a list of the oldest circuses in the world.
Circus art is not an easy job. Constant exercise, touring, travel. Not everyone can withstand such a rhythm. But before you are 10 of the oldest circuses, which they know and remember to this day.
Circo Massimo (Italy). His story began back in the days of Ancient Rome, and at first the spectators came to just look at equestrian competitions in chariots, located on the slopes of the hill. Later, multilevel shops were built, which allowed to accommodate about 150 thousand spectators.
Thanks to Julius Caesar in Circo Massimo, various buildings and arenas appeared, because the ruler was confident that the Roman Empire would prosper.During his reign, the circus numbered 250 thousand seated and as many standing places.
Nowadays, in the place of the ruins of Circo Massimo concerts sometimes take place, and at other times tourists come to look at once grandiose buildings, which for the first time became known as circuses.
Golden Lion (China).The Chinese consider it the 8th wonder of the world, because this is a real state treasure that began its work in 1972. It combines two arts - circus and wushu, the secrets of which, until recently, were carefully kept in the strictest secrecy. Despite the fact that the Golden Lion is already quite old, its participants, on the contrary, are very young. In the arena you will not see adult artists, the age of the oldest is 23 years.
Before each performance, a special ritual of purification is performed, and the scenery is set strictly according to Feng Shui. Despite the fact that many complain about "cruelty" towards small artists, and their complex acrobatic numbers without insurance are fearsome, in the entire history of the Golden Lion there was not a single accident.
Everything is explained by the fact that in circus schools there is a very long and serious selection.And those who are lucky enough to go through it, should be ready for difficult daily training, which starts at 6.00 am and ends at 22.00 pm.
Circus in Tarragona (Spain). One of the most ancient circuses, which appeared in the 1st century BC. Its impressive dimensions are surprising even now: 100 meters wide and 300 meters long. There were races and performances of various acrobats.
Unfortunately, only ruins have survived to this day, but tourists annually visit this place to see the remaining parts of the facade, the remains of spectator seats and underground corridors.
English Amphitheater Sergeant Astley. It dates back to the 18th century, and it was from the amphitheater, founded by Philip Astlei, that the circus habitual for us began. After leaving the service, and having a huge experience of riding, behind his shoulders, Philip Astley first toured England, demonstrating complex acrobatic tricks on horseback, and in 1772 opened his “Riding School”.
It was built in the form of an amphitheater, with an arena in the middle and surrounded by lodges for spectators. In addition to horse shows, jugglers, acrobats and even comic numbers also appeared. Soon, Sergeant Astley opened another circus in Paris, and later a third, in London.Unfortunately, over time, they all underwent changes and soon fell apart, but the British are still proud that their compatriot was the founder of the first stationary circus.
Olympic Circus Antonio Franconi (France). Antonio Franconi became known in the 18th century as a trainer. In its first numbers participated birds - pheasants, partridges and pigeons. After that, Franconi mastered horse riding and, having built his own arena, began to give equestrian performances. Several times he was even lucky enough to speak with Sergeant Astley. And when he had to leave the country, Franconi appropriated an amphitheater, where he began to give constant performances.
The audience liked the rooms very much, the trained horses could bring a newspaper, jump on a team and eat with it. Small comic pantomimes also appeared. All this began to generate income, and Franconi soon opened another arena, which he called the Olympic, in order to please the ruler of that time to Napoleon.
Acrobatic performances, mimes and even battle scenes have already appeared here. All this was very popular with adults, who often came there with children.
John Bill Ricketts Circus (USA). American circuses differed significantly from their counterparts in Europe, because here they began to pay attention not only to the variants of acrobatic numbers, but also to the volume of performances, scenery and music. However, such productions were focused mainly on the adult audience. The audience was entertained by dancers, acrobats, jugglers and, of course, riders.
But this child also suffered an unpleasant fate, the building burned down, and Rikkets himself decided to leave for England, but his ship sank during a storm.
D’Hiver Bouglione (France). "Napoleon's Circus" claims to be the oldest in the world of the current. It was erected in the 18th century and initially contained 6 thousand visitors, but for security reasons their number was reduced by half. Even the Emperor Napoleon III himself attended the opening. This institution went down in history in that in 1859 an acrobatic number with an air trapeze was first demonstrated here.
Already in the 20th century, the circus was named in honor of the Buglier dynasty, with which its subsequent history is closely connected. To date, performances include illusion shows, numbers of jugglers, tigers tamers, clownery.In winter, the arena turns into a skating rink, and the artists become real skaters.
National Circus Knie (Switzerland). Already eight generations of circus artists continue this business. The troupe consists of 200 people who daily demonstrate their talents on stage. In addition, it is one of the few circuses, which is famous for its humane and attentive attitude towards animals. 100 of them take part in the rooms every day, and another 300 live in the zoo.
Circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard (Russia). It was opened back in 1880 by Albert Salamonsky. This is the first circus in the world where a death number was demonstrated: a rider was riding a horse on a thin log, being at a height of 5 meters. The best actors in the troupe collected and assemble a full hall.
Circus of Peter Krutikov (Ukraine). This is the largest circus in Europe, which was opened in 1903. The most striking performances were the numbers of the owner himself - he demonstrated his talents as a horse trainer, who impressed the audience in Russia and Europe. Also in the program you could see short performances-pantomimes and performances of many famous artists.
Thanks to the excellent acoustics, even famous opera singers - Fyodor Chaliapin, Titta Ruffo, Leonid Sobinov performed in the hall.
To get to the circus is to go back into the world of magic, illusions and amazing human abilities. Such spectacles are always exciting and memorable, so if you want to get unforgettable emotions, go to the circus.
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