What to do with a hornet bite
The poison of the hornet is no more toxic than the poison of the wasp, but due to its size the hornet injects the poison much more than its smaller congeners. Therefore, the pain and swelling from the hornet bite are much more swelling after the bite of a wasp.
On the one hand, hornets are considered less aggressive insects than wasps and bees, they rarely attack on their own. But it’s hard to understand when you are “angry” with the hornet, sometimes you just need to walk past their hive. And if the hornet felt threatened, it would attack to the last. Hornets do not leave stings in the body of the victim and do not inject all the poison at once, so they can attack several times in a row.
And another feature of hornets is more dangerous than wasps - their bodies are more mobile, which allows them to sting without sitting on the body of the victim. No wonder the hornet bite is often called the “hornet blow”.
The health hazard of a hornet bite depends primarily on their variety. In Russia, the usual European hornets live.They are less dangerous than their fellow Asian hornets, the bite of which in Japan alone kills about 40 people each year.
Death or severe consequences from the bite of the European hornet can occur if a person is allergic to insect poison - in this case, it is necessary to drink an antihistamine and immediately go to the hospital in the first minutes after the bite.
The danger can also depend on the site of the bite. If you are bitten in your mouth or throat, you should also consult a doctor for observation, because sometimes the swelling can spread to the internal organs, blocking the access of oxygen. If the bite occurred in places where large arteries or veins are located, the poison can quickly spread throughout the circulatory system, which gives an unpredictable reaction of the body - it is important to carefully monitor the condition of the person.
It is also necessary to consult a doctor if the hornet stung a small child. The body size of children is much smaller than the size of an adult and the swelling may be too large to affect the internal organs.
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the hornet bite, although very painful, does not pose a danger to life or further health.Symptoms go away within a few days without consequences.
Symptoms of a Hornet Bite:
- acute pain at the site of the bite, may increase during the first hours and last for several days
- very large edema and redness around the bite, increasing literally within a few minutes
- nausea and vomiting possible in the first hours after being bitten
- rapid pulse and low blood pressure
- cold extremities, neck, lips and ears become bluish
- dizziness, loss of consciousness is also possible (more often in children or people with weak immunity)
- possible headache and fever
What to do:
1. First of all, you need to inspect the bite site and if parts of the sting remain in the wound, then remove it with tweezers (in no case squeeze out). Hornets do not leave their sting, but sometimes a piece of the sting can break off and remain in the body of the victim.
2. During the first minutes after the bite, you can squeeze out (or suck out) the poison, which has not yet managed to spread far. After 5-10 minutes to do it is meaningless. You can attach a piece of moistened sugar to the wound - it will pull out some more of the poison.
3. Wash the wound with an alcohol or manganese solution.
4. In order for the poison to spread more slowly, it is necessary to apply cold at the bite site.
5. Attach to the wound funds that contain acid, neutralizing harmful substances (acetylsalicylic acid, juice of lemon, onion, cucumber).
6. Drink for prevention any antihistamine that you have on hand.
7. Next, monitor the patient's condition. In case of severe deterioration, consult a doctor.
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