Why do midges appear in colors?
Caring for indoor plants is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. They need not only watered, fertilized and transplanted in time, but also protected from uninvited guests. One of them are flower midges. Is it possible to get rid of them?
The so-called flower midges or sciarides do not appear out of nowhere, as some believe. Their eggs enter the soil, and then turn into larvae, grow, and after a while mature individuals hatch from them.
Causes of blackflies in room flowers can be as follows:
- Spoiled leaves falling into the pot. Yes, if they fall into the ground, then in the very near future they will begin to rot there and thereby create an ideal environment for the midges.
- Waterlogging. If watering is abundant, then the water probably does not have time to evaporate and stagnates, creating a moist environment and provoking excessive dampness. And such conditions like the midges, so that they will gladly lay eggs into the soil, from which new individuals will later appear.
- Lack of fresh air.If you rarely air the room or, all the more, you do not air it at all, then the moisture from the soil will simply have nowhere to evaporate, which will cause dampness. And her, as you know, sciarids are very, very fond of.
- Incorrect feeding. If fertilizers are used for fertilizing, which trigger rotting processes, then the midges will also appear. So do not use mullein, as well as humus or organic substrates, it is better to give preference to mineral compositions.
- Improper soil preparation. The soil you brought from the garden or even from the store may already be infected, this happens quite often. And then the midges will definitely appear in the very near future.
- Other infected plants. If the midges live in one pot, they may well move to another. And it can happen in the store, and at home or in the garden.
- The blackflies can fly into the house through the window and “choose” one of your houseplants.
How to get rid of pests?
So what to do to get rid of the black flies? Here are some of the most effective ways to combat these insects:
- You can use specialized tools designed to combat pests that live in plants.They contain substances dangerous to insects, but completely harmless to plants, so that their use will be not only effective, but also safe. So, get "Agravertin", "Fly-eater" (this drug is considered one of the most effective), "Thunder-2" or "Basudin".
- Insecticidal preparations of universal action, designed to combat any pests. These include “Raid”, “Dichlorvos”, “Raptor” and so on. But it is advisable not to use the sprays, since their particles can get on the plant itself and have a disastrous effect on it. It is better to choose a product in the form of powder or chalk, such as the “Masha” chalked by time and several generations. Crumble it and sprinkle the soil over it. You can also dip a few pieces into the soil. When the midges disappear, remove the top layer of soil.
- For processing, you can use potassium permanganate, that is, the most common potassium permanganate. In half a glass of warm water, dissolve literally several crystals to form a pale pink liquid. Pour the prepared solution into the soil. If the larvae and adult midges are very many, then the procedure is better to repeat several times.
- You can simply change the ground.But at the same time it is extremely important to completely clean the roots, since the larvae can remain on them. The best treatment is to produce a weak solution of potassium permanganate. And more responsibly to the selection and processing of new soil. Be sure to disinfect it.
- Try steaming the ground. Use a steam generator, an iron with a steam function, or a steamer. Treat the soil well and return the flower to it, not forgetting to clean its roots well. But here it is not necessary to ignite the soil in the pan, in this case it will lose all its beneficial properties, since most of the nutrients are destroyed at elevated temperatures.
- You can stick a few matches in the ground with your head down. Sulfur larvae can be taken for food, but it will have a toxic effect on them. When the heads disappear, change the matches. Repeat this procedure at least 4-6 times.
- You can immerse in the soil a few pieces of lemon or orange peel, its peculiar smell should scare off pests.
- Will help and weak soap solution. For its preparation, take about 10 grams of laundry soap,Grate and dissolve in 500 milliliters of warm water. Use the finished product for watering for several days, and even better for a week.
- How to get rid of midges with garlic? Peel it and put a few slices into the ground. After about two or three days, replace the denticles with new ones. By the way, to enhance the effect of each slice can be cut along half-and-half. In addition, you can make garlic brew, it is also very effective. Three heads of garlic peel, chop in a meat grinder or in a blender and cover with a liter of hot water. Leave the mixture for four days, then strain it thoroughly with gauze. Ready infusion sprinkle the soil, as well as the stem and leaves of the plant.
- You can use wood ash, it will not only scare away and quickly banish all pests, but also allow fertilize the flower. Simply sprinkle it abundantly with soil and loosen it.
- To catch all adult individuals, you can stretch a sticky tape around a pot and a plant, which many usually use to catch flies.
Are midges dangerous?
Can gnats harm plants? They do not feed on leaves, so it would seem that they cannot cause any harm to flowers. But in fact it is not so. The fact is that adults lay eggs in the ground.Emerging larvae feed not only on the soil components, but also on the roots, which also contain many useful and nutrients.
Damage to the root system can have the most direct and extremely negative impact on the condition and growth of the flower. He will not receive from the roots all that is necessary and will gradually begin to wither.
What to do to the midges do not start? To prevent their appearance, some preventive measures will help:
- If you plan to transplant plants, then the new ground will certainly be disinfected. To do this, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate or hot steam. In addition, in order to prevent it, it can be treated with an insecticide.
- It is important to periodically loosen the earth in a pot so that the moisture is evenly distributed, and the ground itself is aired and not damp. But do it carefully so as not to damage the roots of the plant.
- Do not allow water to stagnate in the pot. Watering should be sufficient and optimal, but not abundant. If in doubt, it is better to pour a small amount of water, and if it is quickly absorbed and dry, then add a little more.
- Use the correct fertilizer, namely mineral.
- If you notice spoiled leaves, then immediately remove them so that they do not fall into the soil and start to rot in it.
- Ventilate the room regularly. If the flower is afraid of drafts, then during procedures, remove it to a safe and protected from the wind place.
- For watering plants, use only water. You should not experiment and water the flowers such as coffee or tea.
- To avoid moisture, you can put a few pebbles in the ground to absorb excess water.
- Provide proper drainage. Pebbles, for example, can play its role.
Now you can accurately, quickly, easily and safely for a plant to get rid of these pests.
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